Cervical spondylosis, also known as cervical osteoarthritis, is a degenerative condition that affects the cervical spine (neck). It is characterized by the breakdown and wear-and-tear of the cartilage and bones in the neck, leading to pain, stiffness, and other symptoms.
Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a condition characterized by the breakdown of the intervertebral discs in the spine. These discs act as cushions between the vertebrae and provide flexibility and shock absorption. DDD is a common cause of back and neck pain, especially in older adults, although it can affect people of all ages.
A prolapsed intervertebral disc, also known as a herniated disc or slipped disc, occurs when the gel-like material within the disc protrudes or leaks out through a tear in the outer layer. This condition often leads to pain and discomfort, as the herniated disc can press on nearby nerves or the spinal cord.