- Lifestyle Modifications: Certain lifestyle changes can help improve bone health. These include regular weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises, such as walking, jogging, and resistance training. Adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D is also essential for bone health.
- Medications: Several medications are available to treat osteoporosis and reduce the risk of fractures. These include:
- Bisphosphonates: These drugs, such as alendronate and risedronate, inhibit bone resorption and help maintain bone density.
- Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs): Medications like raloxifene mimic the effects of estrogen in the body and can help prevent bone loss.
- Denosumab: It is an antibody that targets a protein involved in bone resorption, thus reducing the risk of fractures.
- Teriparatide and Abaloparatide: These are synthetic forms of parathyroid hormone that stimulate bone formation and are used in severe cases or when other treatments have failed.
- Romosozumab: It is a newer medication that promotes bone formation and reduces bone resorption.
- Fall Prevention: Since falls can result in fractures in individuals with osteoporosis, fall prevention strategies are crucial. This may involve making modifications to the home environment, using assistive devices, and addressing factors that increase fall risk, such as poor vision or balance issues.
- Nutritional Considerations: A balanced diet that includes adequate calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients is important for maintaining bone health. In some cases, calcium and vitamin D supplements may be recommended.
- Regular Bone Density Monitoring: Bone mineral density (BMD) testing, often done through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), helps assess bone health and monitor the effectiveness of treatment. It can guide treatment decisions and identify individuals at high risk of fractures.
- Education and Support: Education about osteoporosis, its management, and preventive measures is essential. Support groups and counseling can provide emotional support and help individuals cope with the challenges of living with osteoporosis.
Facing Osteoporosis? Read below to find out more on what you can do.
Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density and quality, leading to increased bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. It is most commonly seen in postmenopausal women but can also affect older men and individuals with certain medical conditions or taking certain medications.
The management of osteoporosis aims to prevent fractures, relieve symptoms, and improve overall bone health. Here are some current management strategies for osteoporosis:
It’s important to note that the management of osteoporosis should be personalized based on an individual’s risk factors, medical history, and preferences. Consulting with a healthcare professional, such as a primary care physician or an endocrinologist, is crucial for appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing management of osteoporosis.
Embrace a pain-free future. Schedule your personalised consultation with our doctor now!
Dr Ananda Vella
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
MBBS (Singapore), MRCS (Edin), MMed (Ortho), FRCSEd (Orthopaedics & Trauma)